Part 2

A'tma (at - to pervade) is One who pervades the soul as well as the material universe.

Paramaatmaa ) para - great, aatmaa see above) is One who is holier than the soul, subtler and more powerful than the soul and matter, who pervades and controls the soul.

Parameshwar(Param - great, I'shwara - powerful, see No. 7) is One who is All-powerful among the powerful, Almighty.

Savita (su - to create) is One who is the Creator of the Universe.

Deva (from the root div, which means to operate, desire to win, work, illuminate, praise, please, punish, sleep, desire and know) is One who operates in the universe and governs it and does all His works by His own powers without help from others; Who desires or helps the good and the righteous to win an is Himself invincible, gives all power and means to work; Who knows everything and is just and glorious, illuminates and enlightens all, is worthy of praise, All-blissful, bestows happiness on others, punishes the wicked and gladdens the hearts of the good and Himself enjoys perpetual bliss; who has ordained night for all to sleep and rest, in the indefinable, imperceptible, primeval elementary matter - prakriti; Whose will is holy and Whose is desired and sought after by the good, and Who pervades all and knows all.

Kurvera (kuvi - to cover or spread) is One who covers all or overspreads all.


Prithivi (prithu - spread) One who has spread this extensive universe.

Jala (jala - to beat) One who beats or punishes the wicked and beats the atoms into shape, or beats them asunder in the Creation or Dissolution of the universe, respectively.

Akaash (kash - to illuminate or enlighten) is One who illuminates or enlightens the whole world.

Anna and atta ( from ad to eat) is One who eats or absorbs into Himself or contains the universe, animate and inanimate. As grubs are born in the inside of a fruit of a fig tree, live and die in the same, so is the universe born, lives and perishes* in God. TAITREYA UPANISHAD 2: 10. VEDANT SHASTRA 1: 29.

Vasu ( vas to abide or dwell) is the One who dwells in all things, and is the abode of all.

Rudir (Rudir - shed tears) is One who makes the wicked and the unjust shed tears. It is said in the Shatapatha Brahmana "Whatever a man thinks, he speaks; whatever he speaks, the same he acts; whatever he acts, he reaps". In other words, a man reaps whatever he sows. When the wicked suffer pain in consequence of their sins at the hand of Divine Justice, they wail and weep. He is, therefore, called Rudra

Naaraayana ( Naraa - water and souls, aayana - abode) signifies, God, because He is the abode of souls and pervades them. MANU 1:10.

Chandra (chadi - to please) is the One who is All-bliss, and gives pleasure and happiness to others.

* i.e., reduced to its elementary condition. -Tr.


Mangala (mang - has the same meanings as gati, see No. 2) is One who is All-blissful, and showers bliss on the soul.

Budha (budha - know) is One who is All-knowledge and endows souls with knowledge.

Shukra (shu -to purify) is One who is All-knowledge and endows souls with knowledge.

Shanaishchara (shanaish - with ease, char - to go, eat) is One who reaches or gains access to all with ease, and possesses great fortitude.

Rahu (rah - to avoid, reject) is He Who is one without admixture of anything else. Who rejects the wicked, and frees others from the hands of the wicked.

Ketu (kit - to abide or reside and cure disease) is One who is the abode of the universe, free from death and disease. He frees the emancipated souls from disease and suffering during the period of salvation.

Based on first chapter of Satyarth Prakash by Swami Dayanand

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