Untold Story of Hero Lachit Borphukan

Untold Story of Hero Lachit Borphukan

         But very little has been spoken about the legendary Assamese Ahom General Lachit Borphukan. Like Chhatrapati Shivaji, Lachit Borphukan was also a wily and fierce General who refused to let the Mughal rule the North-East. Lachit Borphukan stood up against the tyranny of dictators.

      During that time Aurangazeb was ruler of Delhi. He was an expansionist Mughal emperor ruler, who wanted his rule to be spread across a wide swath on the Indian subcontinent. He was also a conservative ruler and was not liberal with the ideologies of other religions. Aurangzeb conquered and occupied the largest empire held by the Mughals. He coerced the weak and conquered the rebellious and established his totalitarian regime over them.As he was an tyrant so he faced the resistance. Many brave hearts revolted against him. Guru Tegh Singh Bahadur in Punjab, Chattrapati Shivaji Maharaj in Deccan and Lachit Borphukan in the Northeast, Veer Durgadas Rathod in Rajpuana were few among them. All of them struggled to oppose the rule of tyrant Aurangzeb.

       Lachit Borphukan was born to the first governor of Assam Momai Tamuli Borbarua. He was instructed in humanities, military tactics and holy scriptures and turned out to be an excellent man early on.He was appointed as the principal secretary to the Ahom kingdom. Proving his mettle against the Mughal rule, he wrested Guwahati out of the Mughal hands, which further angered Aurangzeb and made the then Ahom king to make Lachit Borphukan the general of the forces against the Mughals.

       The famous Battle of Saraighat proved to be a grave of Mughals. Aurangazeb was furious when Lachit Borphukan recaptured Guwahati. He sent a massive army of 4000 troopers, 30,000 infantry, 21 Rajput chiefs with their contingents, 18,000 cavalries, 2000 archers and 40 ships.That's a big army to conquer the Northeast. He appointed Ram Singh of Amber to lead the Mughal forces. Ram Singh was appointed for the sole task of recapturing Guwahati, and by extension – conquering and bringing the whole Northeast under the Mughal rule. Lachit Borphukan made the entry on land impossible. The Mughals were experts on land warfare. They conquered the entire Indian subcontinent on horsebacks. Lachit Borphukan knew he had no chance of thwarting a Mughal attack on land. So he built mud embankments to halt. The Mughal army was the weakest on waters and Lachit exploited this vulnerability. Although the Mughal army had 40 ships, it did not have much experience in water warfare and Lachit knew this. On the other hand the Ahom warriors were very skilled at river warfare, since it was their territory. Lachit made a strategic hold at Guwahati on the Brahmaputra river.When the large Mughal contingent approached the Ahom army, Lachit strategically retreated, giving the Mughal an idea that his army was somehow afraid. His final stand would be Guwahati, on the Brahmaputra river. He regularly harassed the Mughal Army with Guerilla Tactics. Although one such tactic failed and the Ahom lost 10,000 men. Lachit Borphukan fell ill and the Ahom almost lost all hope. Ahom warriors were all demoralized. Lachit Borphukan put aside his illness and led from the front.

                                 Lachit Borphukan made the inspiring speech –

        “When my countrymen are suffering from invasion, and when my army is fighting and sacrificing its life, how can I think about resting my body due to a mere illness? How can I think about going home to my wife and children when my entire country is in trouble?”

     He led from the front, despite his illness employing all the tactics he had learnt during his life.The Mughal admiral Munnawar Khan was shot dead.The Ahom army assaulted the Mughals from the front and the rear, which caught them off-guard. With no commander to supervise the troops, the Mughal army fell into a disarray. Lachit Borphukan gave them a chase until they left the Ahom territory.The Northeast remained under sovereign rule. Mughals failed to capture it because of Lachit's valiant efforts and leadership.

       It is easy to rule a huge army, sitting in your comfortable darbars and barking orders. It is so much more difficult to lead a small army against a Goliath and come out winning. And to lead means digging the trenches with the regular soldier and actually taking part in the skirmishes and battles against the army.

      Lachit Borphukan was a strategist extraordinaire and also had the courage of a lion – a deadly combination.

Popular posts from this blog

ब्रह्मचर्य और दिनचर्या

वैदिक धर्म की विशेषताएं 

अंधविश्वास : किसी भी जीव की हत्या करना पाप है, किन्तु मक्खी, मच्छर, कीड़े मकोड़े को मारने में कोई पाप नही होता ।